Artistic gymnastics belongs to the branch of aesthetically designed sports whose technically complex movements are repeating in acyclic order on gymnastic devices. Complex and often associated motor movements are manifested through numerous gymnastic elements such as jumps, rotations and turns, while the emphasis is on maintaining a controlled and balanced body position. Furthermore, deficiency of standardized sport-specific test represents a problem in balance testing in sports generally. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine and validate a newly-constructed gymnastic balance test that will be applicable in the assessment of balance in sport gymnastic. The sample of respondents in this study were female students (N = 22) of the second year of undergraduate university study of Kinesiology in Split, aged 19 to 23 years, and with the different sports orientations. Two samples of variables were observed. Body weight and height, body mass index, leg length, foot length and foot width as anthropometric measures, and in domain of motoric abilities, ankle mobility, postural stability test on Biodex Balance System and newly constructed sportspecific balance test. Results showed that anthropometric variables have negative impact on balance performance. This impact showed to be bigger on the generic, laboratory balance test, then on the sport-specific test. Finally, there is no association between mobility and observed balance tests. Future studies should be directed towards validation of reliable sport-specific balance tests.
Keywords: Biodex balance system, gymnastic, stability, anthropometry, morphology, mobility