The aim of this study is to determine differences in attitudes towards combat sports between female and male primary school pupils. Based on the sample of male pupils (n=118) and female pupils (n=98) attending the seventh and eighth grade of primary school, a survey was conducted using the combat sports attitude scale consisting of 20 items. The results achieved by the canonical discriminant analysis indicate that there are statistically significant differences in the attitudes towards combat sports expressed by male and female pupils. Male pupils displayed a positive attitude towards combat sports, while the female pupils exhibited negative preferences. The results of this study can contribute to better combat sports involvement in the physical education curriculum for primary and secondary schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina.